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Human Capital in Remote and Rural Australia: The Role of Graduate Migration

  • Year: 2010
  • Author: JONATHAN CORCORAN, ALESSANDRA FAGGIAN, PHILIP MCCANN
  • Journal Name: Growth and Change: A Journal of Urban and Regional Policy
  • Journal Number: 41.2
  • Publisher: Wiley Online Library
  • Country: Australia

In this paper we examine the spatial employment patterns of Australia's university graduates in nonurban locations. Using a 2006 data set recording the employment status of 65,661 university graduates 6 months after their graduation we examine how the personal and human capital characteristics of the individual university graduate affect the type of rural location into which he or she enters for employment purposes. The importance of identifying which types of graduates work where is essential for our understanding of the forces that are currently shaping the spatial distribution of human capital across Australia's regions. In order to do this we allocate postcode-based data of graduate employment to one of five remoteness classes, as defined by the Australian Bureau of Statistics, that allow us to distinguish between different degrees of rurality. The postcode data are used to associate the ways in which the human capital characteristics of the graduate in terms of the types of university degrees awarded and the universities attended, as well as the personal characteristics of the graduate, are related to the degrees of rurality in his or her employment outcomes.

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