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Why do disparities in employment growth across metropolitan and regional space occur?

  • Year: 2003
  • Author: Mitchell, William; Carlson, Ellen
  • Publisher: Centre for Full Employment and Equity, University of Newcastle
  • Published Location: Newcastle, NSW
  • Country: Australia

Australian capital cities typically fare better in terms of lower unemployment rates and higher employment growth and appear to be able to recover from recession more easily. In this paper the authors seek to develop a better understanding of the disparities in employment growth across regions which appear to account for the observed persistence in the disparities with respect to unemployment outcomes. The paper also seeks to determine whether the metropolitan areas have benefited from favourable industry locations relative to the 'deindustrialised' regional areas, and examines the regional impact of the increasing significance of part-time work in overall employment creation in Australia by decomposing the employment dynamics into part-time and full-time components to explore the spatial disparities more closely.

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